What was the gospel Jesus preached? Part 4 Our response

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By Rob Lampard

General Introduction

This is the fourth paper in this series.  The first, The Gospel of the Kingdom, focuses on the answer we find in the books of Matthew, Mark, and Luke.  The second, Eternal Life, does the same for the book of John.  And the third shows how these messages about the Kingdom and Eternal Life hang together as a cohesive whole.


So how might we access these good things?  We’ve already seen one angle on this in Jesus’s answer to the man known as ‘the rich young ruler’ (Mark 10:17-30).  Does he give us any more detail?

Repentance and Belief

Right from the outset of his ministry, Jesus gives us this invitation.


“The kingdom of God has come near. Repent and believe the good news!” (Mark 1:15)


So what do ‘repentance’ and ‘believing’ mean?


In the original Greek, ‘repent’ is ‘metanoeo’, which means ‘to change one’s mind or purpose. It always in the New Testament involves a change for the better, an amendment. And except in Luke 17:3-4 (where its object is the offence caused to another person) it is always used of sin towards God.’[1]


For more on repentance, refer to John Piper’s explanations which are reproduced in a recent Hope Church Luton blog.[2]  Meanwhile, more on belief later in this paper.

Repentance and Baptism

Interestingly, Mark places the statement above immediately after his summary of the ministry of John the Baptist. This John[3] also emphasised repentance, along with baptism:


John the Baptist appeared in the wilderness, preaching a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins. (Mark 1:4)


The response of the people was that ‘confessing their sins, they were baptised.’ (1:5)  Jesus himself, though uniquely having no sin to confess or repent of (see John 8:46) also submitted to baptism by John.  He did this as he was about to begin his public ministry.  We see in this a consecration to God of himself and of the ministry he was about to undertake.  There are a variety of inferences in his action.  A quote from the Quran springs to mind:  ‘In this there are signs for men of understanding.’[4]


Most of the references to baptism in water in Matthew-John are about John the Baptist.  Jesus doesn’t mention such baptism at all in his teaching until immediately before his ascension:


“Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them” (Matthew 28:19)


“Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved, but whoever does not believe will be condemned.”  (Mark 16:16)

Belief and Baptism

Interestingly again, these things often seem to be mentioned in pairs.  First we had ‘repent and believe’, then ‘a baptism of repentance’, now ‘believe and be baptised’.  We conclude that, according to Jesus’s teaching and his companions’ summary of it, repentance, belief and baptism all form part of the response which we are to make to Jesus’s preaching of the good news.  So what of belief?


The Greek word ‘pisteuo’ means ‘to believe, also to be persuaded of, and hence, to place confidence in, to trust. It signifies in this sense of the word, reliance upon, not mere credence. … Matthew uses the word ten times, Mark ten, Luke nine, John ninety-nine!’[5]  It’s clearly one of John’s favourite words.  It helps capture the urgent and dynamic response Jesus’s message demands of us.  This is why he frequently combines the verb ‘believe’ with the preposition ‘eis’, meaning ‘into’.[6]


As John records it, Jesus is at pains to convey that he requires of us the sort of active personal response as the tight-rope-walker Charles Blondin[7] once supposedly asked of his audience.  The story goes that, as he was about to undertake one of his many crossings of Niagara falls, this time pushing a wheelbarrow, he suddenly asked the spectators, “Do you believe I can do it?”

“Yes,” replied a man.

“Right,” said Blondin, “Get in the wheelbarrow.”


Whether or not this story is true is beside the point for our present purposes.  Regardless, it pointedly illustrates the type of belief in him which Jesus requires of all his followers: not just an acknowledgement that he was a prophet and a great moral teacher; not just an intellectual assent that he was and is the Messiah; but rather a complete commitment of the whole person’s whole life to him and his cause.  This is what he called ‘the rich young ruler’ to:


“Go, sell everything you have and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven. Then come, follow me.” (Mark 10:21)


Jesus expands on this at considerable length in John, chapter 6:


28 Then they asked him, “What must we do to do the works God requires?”

29 Jesus answered, “The work of God is this: to believe in the one he has sent.”

He goes on:


48 I am the bread of life. 49 Your ancestors ate the manna in the wilderness, yet they died. 50 But here is the bread that comes down from heaven, which anyone may eat and not die. 51 I am the living bread that came down from heaven. Whoever eats this bread will live forever. This bread is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.”


Herein he makes multiple allusions and connections.  At a minimum he declares himself to be unique, from heaven whereas we are from the earth (cf John 8:23), the true fulfilment of the provision God made for the people during the time of Moses.  There’s also in the final sentence a clear allusion to his execution to come.  And astonishingly, he insists we must ‘eat his flesh’.  If you think this is hard teaching which you cannot accept, you’re not alone (see vs 52 and 60)!

[1] W. E. Vine, Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words, Marshall Morgan & Scott, 1981, pp 280.

[2] http://www.hopechurch.co.uk/reflections-on-coronavirus-and-christ-part-5/

[3] A different person from, and not to be confused with, the writer of the New Testament book called John.

[4] A. Yusuf Ali, The Holy Quran: Translation and Commentary, 23:30

[5] W. E. Vine, p116.

[6] See https://www.scripture4all.org/OnlineInterlinear/NTpdf/joh3.pdf, verses 16 and 36 – and many others throughout John.

[7] For general information on whom see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Blondin

5 Reasons Why We May Struggle To Exit Lockdown and How The Church Can Respond

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By John Greenall


Whilst many seem to think lockdown is over, many others are still at home not venturing out. Fear is palpable. On my neighbourhood WhatsApp group Jim at Number 28 shares a post saying that ambulances are scarce, and children are dying in large numbers.


Am I the only one who thinks that many will struggle to exit lockdown? After all, many are speaking of not emerging until ‘all risks are eliminated’. Why is this the case when the same people have driven a car, smoked cigarettes and visited unwell relatives in hospital before now? Why are we evaluating risk the way we do? Why does rationality often go out of the window at times like these?


Here’s five possible reasons and how the church might consider responding to them.


  1. Uncertainty

There’s no doubt the coronavirus is more virulent than common flu but it is still an unknown quantity. We are used to knowing (or at least thinking we do) somewhat predictable risks for various activities. Equally we often feel we can control our exposure to such risks. Coronavirus is, at least for now, a different beast.


As Christians however this isn’t new. We should know that we are not and never have been in control of our lives. Voices of Christians in the two-third world have been telling us that for generations. We are to point to the sovereignty of God who works all things together for good for those who love him.


  1. Fear

‘Stay At Home, Stay Safe’. While the words in that slogan convey comfort to my anxious soul, why is it that I also find them ever so slightly insidious? Perhaps because I know that emotional tactics are powerful and effective, but also often unwieldly and they may come at a cost.


And yet employing fear to coerce behaviour is not always a bad thing. People take their medicine when they fear the consequences of not taking it. When a parent I speak with understands that their child could get seriously unwell without their inhaler, they are more likely to administer the correct dose at the correct time


In church I wonder whether in our gospel presentation we have forgotten the positive power of fear. Do we go straight to the prescription of Jesus’ saving love or do we adequately portray the risks of our sin and rebellion? Unless we take the time to do this often-uncomfortable work, people will have no idea what they need to be saved from. A fear of God’s holiness and the consequences of sin are integral to scripture and a vital part of our message. Let’s preach the whole gospel and not shy away from an appropriate fear of God.


  1. Social conformity

In our narcissistic culture we always need to be seen to do the right thing. People fear stepping out of line and being tutted by neighbours or socially distanced on Facebook more than the reward of freedom.


Again, in our living out the gospel we need to acknowledge the healthy elements of conformity. Habit and group behaviour are helpful in leading us to God and training our hearts. And yet we must teach and live out the truth that God’s verdict on us is more important than the verdict of man. We must resist the pride and comparison that makes it all about us rather than all about God.


  1. Safetyism

Our culture is the ideal breeding ground for a generation who are told that ‘being safe’ is the ultimate value in life. And yet a truism of real life is that it can’t be safe. We can’t be 100% sure schools or workplaces or supermarkets are safe. We never have been anyway.


As Christians we need to boldly and compassionately spell out that true safety is an illusion. As Christians we are safe both in life and in death. This is good news! Secularism in its immanent frame has no answer to compete so let’s be confident in declaring this antidote to fear.


  1. A love of captivity

History tells how whole populations have run to big government to shield them from external menace and accepted horrendous consequences in return. The comfort and predictability of what ‘is’ can outweigh the unknown of what ‘could be’. We are primed – spiritually I believe – to run to captivity rather than freedom.


In our churches we need to preach the whole gospel. We were created by God free to love and obey him. And yet in the fall we choose captivity in the name of freedom because we prefer to be the God of our own lives whatever the cost. True freedom is found in trusting in the perfect life Jesus lived for us and the punishment he took on our behalf in his death.


In conclusion, the Christian faith equips us for uncertain times. We should respect those who are genuinely at high risk. We should love our neighbours by not exposing them to unnecessary risk. We must value every life as precious and vigorously protect and advocate for the vulnerable. And as a church we should have the confidence to confront the idols of our culture and proclaim the true freedom we have in Christ.

What was the gospel Jesus preached? Part 3 – Synthesis.

posted in: Bible 0

By Rob Lampard

General Introduction

Before saying anything else, I should reiterate that the English word ‘gospel’ simply means ‘good news’.  For our purposes, these two terms are interchangeable.


So far I’ve written two papers in this series.  The first, The Gospel of the Kingdom, focused on the answer we find in the books of Matthew, Mark, and Luke.  The second, Eternal Life, did the same for the book of John.  This might leave the reader with the impression that John and his fellow apostles each thought Jesus proclaimed a different gospel.  This paper is written to show that this is not so, how the two different emphases fit together, and how they harmonise to provide us with a full answer to our question.


In the previous papers, I’ve quoted in full various Bible verses.  I’m not going to spell them out again here, though I may refer to some of them again.  Please see the previous two documents (or a website such as https://www.biblegateway.com/) for the text of those verses.


And before I get into the detail, a note to say that I’ve kept the answer to two sides of A4.  If anyone thinks what I present is a bit lightweight, that’s the reason.

The story so far

In The Gospel of the Kingdom, we saw that:


  • From start to end of his ministry, Jesus proclaimed the good news of the Kingdom of God.
  • That term is used in a way which suggests that it was one with which his hearers were familiar, even if they didn’t understand its full implications.
  • Jesus gave content to the term ‘the Kingdom of God’ in piecemeal fashion, and in verbal picture form far more than by direct teaching.
  • The Kingdom is good news because its coming would bring an age of healing and resurrection, of security and prosperity, of glory and rejoicing (Matthew 11:4-5, cf Isaiah 35).
  • The Kingdom is in a sense a present gift (Luke 12:32). But it is also something which awaits full consummation (Matthew 11:40-43) and is therefore the future inheritance of the righteous (Matthew 25:34).


And in Eternal Life, we saw that:


  • John’s purpose was that we might believe Jesus is the Messiah and that by believing we might have life in his name (20:31).
  • The word ‘life’ in John can have at least three separate meanings:
    • Human existence in the present age (11:53).
    • Eternal life in the age to come (4:14).
    • Eternal life as a present blessing (5:24).
  • ‘Eternal life’ means a life lived in personal relationship with God, wherein we seek him, know him, and are filled with joy in his presence (Psalm 27:4, John 17:3, Psalm 16:11).


So how do these emphases fit together?

This Age and the Age to come

The Bible as a whole presents a contrast between ‘this age’ and ‘the age to come’.  The idea, which can be seen in Old Testament passages such as Amos 9:13-15 and Isaiah 65:17-25, comes into sharp focus in Jesus’s teaching, eg:


“… either in this age or the age to come.” (Matthew 12:32)


“… in this present age … in the age to come.” (Mark 10:30)


Within this framework can be found a number of connections which help us fit together all the foregoing material.  Jesus’s conversation with the man called ‘the rich young ruler’ (Mark 10:17-30) is helpful here because it makes clear links between some key terms.


As Jesus started on his way, a man ran up to him and fell on his knees before him. “Good teacher,” he asked, “what must I do to inherit eternal life?” (v17)


First, the English phrase ‘eternal life’ is literally in the original Greek ‘the life of the age’.  In context therefore, the man is asking how he can inherit the life of the age to come.[1]  Jesus first gives the man a prosaic answer based on some of the Ten Commandments (v19), which the man finds entirely unsatisfactory, as Jesus knew he would.  To paraphrase, he says: “Look, I’ve been doing all that since childhood – but I find I’m still unsatisfied and still uneasy about my future destiny.”  So second, Jesus calls him to give up worldly security and throw his lot in entirely with him and his ministry (v21).  This the man felt unable to do (v22).  Jesus’s immediate reaction was:


“How hard it is for the rich to enter the kingdom of God!” (v23)


What we easily fail to notice here is that Jesus casually equates ‘inheriting eternal life’ with ‘entering the Kingdom of God’.  Seamlessly, his disciples go on to make another connection for us, asking:


“Who then can be saved?” (v26)


Finally, Jesus completes the loop by saying that those who have given up worldly things to follow him will indeed inherit, “in the age to come, eternal life.” (v30)


Putting all this together, we see that eternal life is the life of the age to come, inheriting which is the same thing as entering the Kingdom of God and being saved. 


Now in the first paper of this series, we looked at Jesus’s answer to the messengers from John the Baptist.[2]  Therein Jesus states that in his ministry, the Kingdom of God has already, in part, invaded the present age (Matthew 11:4-5, referencing Isaiah 35).  If this is so, it would be no surprise to find the life of the age to come also manifesting itself in this present age.  In the book of John this is indeed what we find.  Jesus’s teaching – and demonstration – is therefore that the Kingdom of God and eternal life, which are both concepts which properly and in fullness belong to the age to come, have in his person and ministry both invaded the present age, that they can both be accessed here and now.


So how might we access these things?   That’s where we’re going next.

[1] This concept is in turn based upon the saying of Daniel 12:2: ‘Multitudes who sleep in the dust of the earth will awake: some to everlasting life, others to shame and everlasting contempt.’

[2] See the first paper in this series: The Gospel of the Kingdom, p 2.

What was the Gospel Jesus preached? Part 2 – Eternal Life

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By Rob Lampard

General Introduction

This brief paper follows on from that titled ‘The Gospel of the Kingdom’.  In that we looked at the good news (= gospel) which Jesus proclaimed as recorded by Matthew, Mark, and Luke.  Our question remains the same: What was the gospel Jesus preached?  Herein we are going to see what answer we find in the book of John.[1]

John states his purpose for writing as follows:

But these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name. (20:31)

The Meaning of ‘Life’

The word ‘life’ is apparently a simple, everyday one, so that we’d think its meaning was obvious.  However, a closer look at its many uses in John reveals that this is not so.

First, we note that John uses the noun ‘life’ about 50 times.  This is the same as the total number of uses in Matthew, Mark and Luke combined, in which two main meanings can be discerned:


  1. i) Physical life in this world, eg:

“Can any one of you by worrying add a single hour to your life?” (Matthew 6:27)

  1. ii) Eternal life in the age to come, eg:

No-one who has left things of this world to follow me will fail to receive … in the age to come eternal life.” (Mark 10:30)

These two meanings are also present in John:

So from that day on they plotted to take his life. (11:53)

“Indeed, the water I give them will become in them a spring of water welling up to eternal life.” (4:14)


However, there are also multiple sayings in John which talk about eternal life as a present blessing:

“Very truly I tell you, whoever hears my word and believes him who sent me has eternal life. He will not be judged but has crossed over from death to life.” (5:24)

“I have come that they may have life, life in all its abundance.” (10:10)

Up to twenty sayings with a similar thrust could be quoted.  Ladd concludes: “While eternal life is eschatological (i.e. belongs to the Age to Come), John’s central emphasis is not to show men the way to life in the Age to Come, but to bring them a present experience of this future life.  The life of the Age to Come is already imparted to the believer.”[2]  This is clearly good news.

The Essence of Eternal Life

Towards the end of his ministry on earth, Jesus makes this statement:

“Now this is eternal life: that they may be knowing you, the only true God.” (17:3)

To truly know a person means not simply to know about them, their characteristics and abilities, not even to just know about their personality.  It means also to experience through personal interaction all the things we have just listed, and to enjoy being with them, indeed to delight in doing so.  This is relational language.  And it is in full accord with the teachings of the Old Testament.

The theme of delighting ourselves in God finds clearest expression in the Psalms of David:

You make known to me the path of life; you will fill me with joy in your presence, with eternal pleasures at your right hand. (16:11)

One thing I ask from the Lord, this only do I seek:

that I may dwell in the house of the Lord all the days of my life,

to gaze on the beauty of the Lord and to seek him in his temple. (27:4)


How priceless is your unfailing love, O God! People take refuge in the shadow of your wings.  They feast on the abundance of your house; you give them drink from your river of delights.  For with you is the fountain of life; in your light we see light. (36:7-9)


Life in relationship with God is also the theme of a large part of the book of Deuteronomy:

“Now choose life, so that you and your children may live and that you may love the Lord your God, listen to his voice, and hold fast to him. For the Lord is your life, and he will give you many years in the land he swore to give to your fathers, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.” (30:19-20)

It is this same goal of which Jesus proclaims the ultimate fulfilment:

“The words I have spoken to you—they are full of the Spirit and life.” (John 6:63)

In John 17 he goes on:

I pray these things while I am still in the world, so that they (i.e. his followers) may have the full measure of my joy within them.  Father, I want those you have given me to be with me where I am, and to see my glory, the glory you have given me because you loved me before the creation of the world.” (17:13, 24)

Here is good news.  Indeed here is the ultimate wow factor!  What could be better than this?


[1] This is not to suggest that the different New Testament books record different gospels.  It is simply to note that the different books focus on and emphasise different aspects of the same gospel.

[2] George Eldon Ladd, A Theology of the New Testament, Lutterworth Press, 1981, p 257.

Reflections on Coronavirus and Christ – Part 6

posted in: Coronavirus and Christ 0

The mission-field on our doorstep

Connecting the coronavirus with missions may seem like a strange idea, but the reality is where we can’t see – God is on the move and many people have had, stripped away the things that have been their security.  This may have been their jobs, their relationships, their social life, their health or the investments and money they have made over time.  God is revealing that these things are like shifting sand.

In this season God is loosening roots.  The pandemic we are facing is challenging us to loosen our grip on the things that we have been holding tightly to.  Things like homes, jobs and even the way we socially interact.  Why may God loosen roots in this season?   Well it could be to shake us up to do mission.  It could be to move us to a different mission field or to make us more awake and alive to the mission field on our doorstep.

In this season, at this time there is a call on the church to follow one of the final instructions given to the followers of Jesus to go into the world and make disciples of all nations (Matt 16).  There is an opportunity for the church to not only demonstrate the mercy and compassion of God but to share the Good News with our friends and family who don’t know it.

It could be by loosening our roots, by removing our reliance on the things that hold us, God is saying go! Go and make disciples!  GO to your friends and neighbours, share with them about Jesus, the hope of the world.   The reality is people are seeking, they are asking questions and there is the opportunity to have spiritual conversations like there never has been before.  Nothing will stop God from moving, he is working out his purposes and even pandemics will serve to complete the Great Commission.

So as we conclude this series of devotionals I want to challenge you to …

Go to your neighbours and friends, go to your colleagues and family.  Tell them about this Jesus who transforms lives.  You have a message that the world needs to hear.  Share it with love, humility and grace.



  1. What are things that you hold on to the tightest and do you need to surrender them again at the cross?
  2. Are there things that stop you sharing the Good News? What are they and how can you overcome them?
  3. How can you ‘go’ and share the Good News without leaving your home?


Prayer – For the Holy Spirit to keep revealing to us when we hold things to tightly and need to trust them into God’s hands.

What was the Gospel Jesus preached? Part 1 – The Gospel of the Kingdom

posted in: Bible 0

By Rob Lampard

General Introduction

In speaking to his disciples about the signs of ‘the end of the age’ (Matthew 24:3), Jesus makes this statement:


14 And this gospel of the kingdom will be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all nations, and then the end will come.” (Matthew 24)


This declaration builds on the words with which Mark introduces Jesus’s ministry:


14 After John was put in prison, Jesus went into Galilee, proclaiming the good news of God. 15 “The time has come,” he said. “The kingdom of God has come near. Repent and believe the good news!” (Mark 1)


What is meant by ‘the gospel of the kingdom’?  What is its content?


First, we must note that the English word ‘gospel’ simply means ‘good news’.  This should not be confused with the technical practice of calling the first four books of the New Testament ‘Gospels’, a practice which derives from the understanding that those books themselves in part contain good news.


Second, the term ‘the kingdom’ is a contraction of the fuller phrase ‘the kingdom of God’ (used about 50 times in Mark, Luke and John) or its equivalent in Matthew ‘kingdom of heaven’ (31 times).  Beyond this, the contraction ‘the kingdom’ occurs another 20 times.


What is meant by the phrase ‘the kingdom of God’?  Why might this kingdom be good news?

Considerations to be borne in mind


For a number of reasons, these are not easy questions to give simple answers to.


First, the terms are given content in a wealth of Biblical material.  A full answer must adequately consider all of these.  We have already noted that there are numerous references in Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John which need to be considered.  Beyond that, the concepts are underpinned in a multitude of Old Testament passages.


Second, Jesus gives no summary teaching about the Kingdom.   Instead he seeks to help his hearers build up a complex mental picture one step at a time.  He gives his teaching on the subject not in summary form but in bite-sized chunks, not in top-down fashion but in bottom-up fashion.


Third, he also gives most of his teaching on the subject in parables rather than by direct teaching.  For example, he says that the Kingdom is like: a man who sowed good seed in his field (Matthew 13:24), a mustard seed (13:31), yeast (13:33), treasure hidden in a field (13:44), a merchant looking for fine pearls (13:45), a net let down into a lake (13:47), a king who wanted to settle accounts with his subjects (18:43).  The analogies go on and on.


Along with scholars such as George Eldon Ladd, we conclude that ‘the meaning of the kingdom cannot be reduced to a single concept, but is a complex concept with several facets’.[1]

What is the Kingdom of God?

Lots can be written on this subject.  But in order to keep this document brief, we will give only a summary answer here.


  1. It’s clear from the brevity of Mark’s introductory statement above that the Kingdom must have been a concept the Jews were already familiar with.  We find that the Kingdom is God’s dominion (Psalm 145:13), his rule over all people (Psalm 103:19).
  2. The coming of the Kingdom means the coming of the state wherein God’s will is done on earth as it is in heaven (Matthew 6:10).
  3. The Kingdom is something which will only fully come at the end of the present age (Luke 19:11, Mark 10:17-31; cf Daniel 12:2).
  4. Its coming will mean the final destruction of the devil and his angels (Matthew 25:41), the formation of a redeemed society unmixed with evil (Matthew 13:36-43), and perfected fellowship with God at the messianic feast (Luke 13:28-29).
  5. It is in part a present experience and reality, a realm of present blessing.  (See our comments on Matthew 11:4-5 below).
  6. It is something which advances forcefully (Matthew 11:12).
  7. It means the gift of life and salvation.  It is a present gift (Luke 12:32), something to be sought after here and now (Matthew 6:33, 13:44-46).
  8. But it is also the future inheritance of the righteous (Matthew 25:34).

Why is the Kingdom of God good news?

When questioned by messengers from John the Baptist about the focus and content of his ministry, Jesus answers by summarising Isaiah 35:


4 “Go back and report to John what you hear and see: 5 The blind receive sight, the lame walk, those who have leprosy are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, and the good news is proclaimed to the poor.”  (Matthew 11)


This is interesting in several ways.  Jesus’s ministry was something to be seen and heard, to be experienced as well as listened to.  It involved imparting good things to people there and then as well as announcing better things to come.  Isaiah 35 itself is replete with qualities such as rejoicing, glory, splendour, salvation, holiness, safety and everlasting joy.  The presence, impartation and experience of such things is surely good news.  It appears to picture an idealised existence in this present age.


But Jesus does also present the Kingdom as something better to come.  In his parable of the wheat and the weeds (Matthew 13:24-30, 36-43), he draws a clear contrast between ‘the sons of the kingdom’ and ‘the sons of the evil one’ (v38) and says that the end of this current age is like a harvest (v39).


40 ‘As the weeds are pulled up and burned in the fire, so it will be at the end of the age. 41 The Son of Man will send out his angels, and they will weed out of his kingdom everything that causes sin and all who do evil. 42 They will throw them into the blazing furnace, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. 43 Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Whoever has ears, let them hear.

Why is the kingdom good news?  Because its full coming will inaugurate an age when sin and evil will be done away with and when those sown by Jesus (v37), also known as ‘the sons of the kingdom’ (v38) and ‘the righteous’ (v43), will ‘shine like the sun’ forever.  Amen and Amen.

[1] George Eldon Ladd, A Theology of the New Testament, Lutterworth Press, 1981, p70.

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